Geometry settings#

The geometry iterator has a variety of settings which can impact its output. Some of these are set during the construction of the iterator, whereas some are set in a specific iterator settings object.

All UPPERCASE settings are booleans which are always set in a separate settings object. Lowercase settings are set either during iterator construction or via a setting function.

All settings can be accessed with C++ and Python, but only some are exposed in IfcConvert via command line arguments.

Here’s an example of changing settings in C++:

SerializerSettings settings;
settings.set(IfcGeom::IteratorSettings::APPLY_DEFAULT_MATERIALS, true);
settings.set_deflection_tolerance(1e-3);

Here’s an example of changing settings in Python:

settings = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
settings.set(settings.APPLY_DEFAULT_MATERIALS, True)
settings.set_deflection_tolerance(1e-3)

angular_tolerance#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

DOUBLE

--angular-tolerance

0.5

Sets the angular tolerance of the mesher in radians.

Here is an example in C++:

SerializerSettings settings;
double tolerance;
// ...
settings.set_angular_tolerance(tolerance);

Here is an example in Python:

settings = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
settings.set_angular_tolerance(0.5)

APPLY_DEFAULT_MATERIALS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

Always enabled

False

Given the command invocation:

IfcConvert model.ifc d.dae -yv --include attribute GlobalId 3bXiCStxP6Fgxdej$yc50U

You will find log messages along the lines of

[Warning] {3bXiCStxP6Fgxdej$yc50U} No material and surface styles for: #333=IfcCovering(‘3bXiCStxP6Fgxdej$yc50U’,#1,’Compound Ceiling:Gypsum Board:187483’,$,’Compound Ceiling:Gypsum Board’,#17840,#17052,’187483’,.CEILING.)

This means that there is no IfcStyledItem associated to the representation items and that the element does not have an IfcMaterial association with IfcMaterialRepresentation from which we can derive a style (colour) for the element.

The interactive session below shows how with this setting enabled you will get a default generated material from the IFC element entity type and material indices of 0 pointing to that. With this setting disabled the material index would be -1 to indicate a missing style. Note that there is one material index for every triangle in the list of shp.geometry.faces.

>>> import ifcopenshell, ifcopenshell.geom
>>> f = ifcopenshell.open("model.ifc")
>>> s = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
>>> c = f["3bXiCStxP6Fgxdej$yc50U"]
>>>
>>> shp = ifcopenshell.geom.create_shape(s, c)
>>> shp.geometry.material_ids
(-1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1)
>>> [(m.name, m.diffuse) for m in shp.geometry.materials]
[]
>>>
>>> s.set(s.APPLY_DEFAULT_MATERIALS, True)
>>> shp = ifcopenshell.geom.create_shape(s, c)
>>> shp.geometry.material_ids
(0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0)
>>> [(m.name, m.diffuse) for m in shp.geometry.materials]
[('IfcCovering', (0.7, 0.7, 0.7))]

This is enabled by default for the IfcConvert serializers as they will not gracefully handle -1 material indices and allows users to quickly assign colours based on entity types in their modelling applications.

APPLY_LAYERSETS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--enable-layerset-slicing

False

For IfcWall and IfcSlab elements, takes the associated IfcMaterialLayerSet and builds a set of surfaces to segment the building element geometry.

Warning

Enabling this settings is computationally intensive as it involves 3D Boolean operations.

IfcConvert model.ifc d1.dae -yv --include attribute GlobalId 2O2Fr$t4X7Zf8NOew3FNr2
../_images/settings-1.png
IfcConvert model.ifc d2.dae --enable-layerset-slicing -yv --include attribute GlobalId 2O2Fr$t4X7Zf8NOew3FNr2
../_images/settings-2.png

BOOLEAN_ATTEMPT_2D#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--no-2d-boolean

True

Try to perform boolean subtractions in 2d. This can result in 2-3x faster geometry processing.

BUILDING_LOCAL_PLACEMENT#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--building-local-placement

False

In the typical IfcSite > IfcBuilding > IfcBuildingStorey > … hierarchy of elements, don’t incorporate the ObjectPlacement of the IfcBuilding and above in the placement of elements in the output. This is useful when there is a large offset in this placement that reduces precision in further processing.

context_ids#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

LIST OF INT

N/A

NULL

By default, geometry is processed from all geometric representation contexts. In C++ and Python, it is possible to specify exactly which contexts should be processed, by passing in a list of integers, where the integers are the IDs of the contexts. Typically used to target only Body representations or non-Body representations.

Here is an example in C++:

SerializerSettings settings;
std::vector<int> context_ids;
// ...
settings.set_context_ids(context_ids);

Here is an example in Python:

settings = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
contexts = [c.id() for c in ifc_file.by_type("IfcGeometricRepresentationContext") if c.ContextIdentifier == "Body"]
settings.set_context_ids(contexts)

CONVERT_BACK_UNITS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--convert-back-units

False

Internally IfcOpenShell uses meters as the global length unit to do calculations. This setting restores the coordinate positions after conversion by multiplying the factor of the IfcUnit with UnitType=LENGTHUNIT into the output geometry coordinate values.

DEBUG_BOOLEAN#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--debug or -d

False

Write boolean operands to file in current directory for debugging purposes.

deflection_tolerance#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

DOUBLE

--deflection-tolerance

1e-3

Sets the deflection tolerance of the mesher.

Here is an example in C++:

SerializerSettings settings;
double tolerance;
// ...
settings.set_deflection_tolerance(tolerance);

Here is an example in Python:

settings = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
settings.set_deflection_tolerance(1e-3)

DISABLE_BOOLEAN_RESULT#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--disable-boolean-results

False

Disables the evaluation of IfcBooleanResult and simply returns FirstOperand.

DISABLE_OPENING_SUBTRACTIONS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--disable-opening-subtractions

False

As in most viewer applications, IfcOpeningElement geometry is subtracted from their host elements. This setting disables this behavior.

IfcConvert model.ifc d1.dae -yv --include attribute GlobalId 2O2Fr$t4X7Zf8NOew3FNr2
../_images/settings-1.png
IfcConvert model.ifc d3.dae --disable-opening-subtraction -yv --include attribute GlobalId 2O2Fr$t4X7Zf8NOew3FNr2
../_images/settings-3.png

Note

Disabling this settings will reduce processing time and improve robustness as it involves 3D Boolean operations.

For example, if you want to set this setting in a python script you can use the following:

settings = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
settings.set(settings.DISABLE_OPENING_SUBTRACTIONS, True)

DISABLE_TRIANGULATION#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

True for SVG, HDF, otherwise False

False

By default, the iterator returns triangulated geometry. This setting allows to disable triangulation, and instead to output BReps. Therefore, it is to be used in conjunction with USE_BREP_DATA. When DISABLE_TRIANGULATION is set to False and USE_BREP_DATA is set to True, the iterator will return a OpenCASCADE serialized TopoDS_Shape from create_shape() and iterator.

>>> import ifcopenshell, ifcopenshell.geom
>>> s = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
>>> s.set(s.DISABLE_TRIANGULATION, True)
>>> s.set(s.USE_BREP_DATA, True)
>>> f = ifcopenshell.open("model.ifc")
>>> c = f["3bXiCStxP6Fgxdej$yc50U"]
>>> shp = ifcopenshell.geom.create_shape(s, c)
>>> print(shp.geometry.brep_data)

CASCADE Topology V1, (c) Matra-Datavision Locations 0 Curve2ds 0 Curves 12 1 4.6750000000000034 -8.0749999999999904 2.657 -2.0455514041918775e-15 -1 0 1 4.6750000000000034 -8.0749999999999904 2.657 1 -3.435893306383461e-15 0 1 6.2260000000000044 -8.0749999999999957 2.657 -2.0455514041918724e-15 -1 0 1 6.226 -10.246000000000031 2.657 -1 6.8717866127669219e-15 0 …

EDGE_ARROWS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--edge-arrows

False

When INCLUDE_CURVES is true and geometric elements include curves (such as the wall axis), add arrow heads to the edges to indicate direction of the curve.

IfcConvert model.ifc d4.dae --model --plan --edge-arrows -yv --include attribute GlobalId 2O2Fr$t4X7Zf8NOew3FNr2
../_images/settings-4.png

ELEMENT_HIERARCHY#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--use-element-hierarchy

False

Warning

Only applicable to Collada .DAE output when used from IfcConvert.

Emit the relative placements from IFC instead of a flat listing of absolute placements.

exclude#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

LIST OF OBJ

--exclude and --exclude+

NULL

By default, all possible geometry in the IFC model is processed. If an exclude filter is specified, those geometries are excluded. Note that the include and exclude options are mutually exclusive.

See include for more details.

EXCLUDE_SOLIDS_AND_SURFACES#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--plan is used and --model is not used

False

Exclude faces, shells and solids from geometrical output.

FASTER_BOOLEANS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--merge-boolean-operands

False

Warning

Only applicable when using OCCT 6.9 and earlier.

Fuse the collection of all boolean operands into a single union before applying the boolean subtraction, as opposed to doing individual subtractions. This likely improves performance. From OCCT 7.0 onwards the boolean operations with multiple arguments is used.

GENERATE_UVS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--generate-uvs

False

Applies a box projection on the generated geometry for the element to obtain UV coordinates. This is purely generated, it does not involve texture coordinates stored in the IFC model.

IfcConvert model.ifc d5.dae --generate-uvs -yv --include attribute GlobalId 2O2Fr$t4X7Zf8NOew3FNr2
../_images/settings-5.png

include#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

LIST OF OBJ

--include and --include+

NULL

By default, all possible geometry in the IFC model is processed. If an include filter is specified, only geometry from the included elements are processed.

In IfcConvert, this is specified using the following syntaxes:

IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include=entities IfcWall
IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include=layers A-WALL
IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include=attribute GlobalId 1VQ5n5$RrEbPk8le4ZCI81
IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include=attribute Name Foo
IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include=attribute Description Bar
IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include=attribute Tag 123456

IfcConvert also allows using --include+ which includes all products decomposed by that filter. For example, the following filter will process any element with the attribute Name of Level 1, as well as all child elements. Child elements include IsDecomposedBy, HasOpenings, FillsVoid, and ContainedInStructure.

IfcConvert model.ifc out.glb --include+=attribute Name "Level 1"

In C++, this is set when the iterator is constructed:

IfcGeom::Iterator geom_iterator(settings, ifc_file, filter_funcs, num_threads);

In Python, this is set when the iterator is constructed, and requires a list of IFC entity instances:

iterator = ifcopenshell.geom.iterator(settings, ifc_file, include=ifc_file.by_type("IfcWall"), exclude=None)

INCLUDE_CURVES#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--plan

False

Include edge and wire geometries in the geometric output.

LAYERSET_FIRST#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--layerset-first

False

When not using APPLY_LAYERSETS, take the first material layer from the set to use as the material for the overall element.

NO_NORMALS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--no-normals

False

Do not emit normals on geometric output

NO_WIRE_INTERSECTION_CHECK#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--no-wire-intersection-check

False

Disables wire intersection checks. These checks are done on faces to prevent self-intersections of face bounds. Self-intersections reduce the reliability of boolean operations and may lead to crashes.

NO_WIRE_INTERSECTION_TOLERANCE#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--no-wire-intersection-tolerance

False

Set wire intersection tolerance to 0. By default the above check is done using a tolerance criterium. So that when a vertex is a certain epsilon distance away from an edge this is flagged as an intersection.

num_threads#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

INT

--threads or -j

1

Number of parallel processing threads for geometry interpretation.

In C++, this is set when the iterator is constructed:

IfcGeom::Iterator geom_iterator(settings, ifc_file, filter_funcs, num_threads);

In Python, this is set when the iterator is constructed:

import multiprocessing
iterator = ifcopenshell.geom.iterator(settings, ifc_file, num_threads=multiprocessing.cpu_count())

offset#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

ARRAY<DOUBLE>

--model-offset

0,0,0

Sets an offset to be applied to all the matrixes of geometries returned from the iterator.

In Python, this is set in the settings passed to the iterator.

settings = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
offset = ifcopenshell.ifcopenshell_wrapper.float_array_3()
offset[0], offset[1], offset[2] = (1, 2, 3)
settings.offset = offset

SEW_SHELLS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--orient-shells

False

Re-orient or sew connected face sets to have a consistent outwards orientation.

SITE_LOCAL_PLACEMENT#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--site-local-placement

False

See BUILDING_LOCAL_PLACEMENT, but exclude also the ObjectPlacement of the IfcSite.

STRICT_TOLERANCE#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--strict-tolerance

False

Strictly use the tolerance from the IFC model. Typically this value is increased 10-fold to have more reliable boolean subtraction results. It is recommended to always have this set to True and should only be set to False for backwards compatibility.

USE_BREP_DATA#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

True for SVG, HDF, otherwise False

False

See DISABLE_TRIANGULATION.

USE_PYTHON_OPENCASCADE#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

N/A

False

Warning

Only available in Python when an import of OCC.Core.BRepTools or OCC.BRepTools succeeds.

This implies USE_WORLD_COORDS USE_BREP_DATA and DISABLE_TRIANGULATION. The serialized TopoDS_Shape of USE_BREP_DATA is deserialized by Python OpenCASCADE.

USE_WORLD_COORDS#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--use-world-coords

False

Apply the ObjectPlacement of the building elements to the geometric output. This is implied when using the Wavefront .OBJ output in IfcConvert. Note that this also eliminates the possibility for geometric elements to point to the same interpreted geometry result.

VALIDATE_QUANTITIES#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--validate

False

Running IfcConvert with --validate will set a non-zero exit code when ever a log message with severity equal or greater than ERROR has been emitted.

Currently for internal use only. For every building element geometry converted, looks for an associated quantity set where the OwnerHistory’s organization name is IfcOpenShell. And looks for the quantities “Total Surface Area”, “Volume”, “Shape Validation Properties.Surface Genus” and validates these according to the interpreted geometry definition. Emit Logger::Error when calculated values are outside of the tolerance range for the value stored in the model.

WELD_VERTICES#

Type

IfcConvert Option

Default

BOOL

--weld-vertices

False in IfcConvert, True in C++ and Python

Note

This setting only affects triangulated output.

Discards normals and joins vertices solely based on position. This is useful when output is to be modified in a modeling application.

>>> import ifcopenshell, ifcopenshell.geom
>>> s = ifcopenshell.geom.settings()
>>> s.set(s.WELD_VERTICES, False)
>>> f = ifcopenshell.open("model.ifc")
>>> c = f["3bXiCStxP6Fgxdej$yc50U"]
>>> shp = ifcopenshell.geom.create_shape(s, c)
>>> shp.geometry.verts
(4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.657, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.657, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.657, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.657, 4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.6, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.6, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.6, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.6, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.657, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.6, 4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.657, 4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.6, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.657, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.657, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.6, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.6, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.657, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.657, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.6, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.6, 4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.657, 4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.6, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.657, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.6)
>>> shp.geometry.normals
(3.059754518198021e-17, 0.0, -1.0, 3.059754518198021e-17, 0.0, -1.0, 3.059754518198021e-17, 0.0, -1.0, 3.059754518198021e-17, 0.0, -1.0, 2.110175529791737e-16, 0.0, -1.0, 2.110175529791737e-16, 0.0, -1.0, 2.110175529791737e-16, 0.0, -1.0, 2.110175529791737e-16, 0.0, -1.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, 6.8717866127669046e-15, 1.0, 0.0, 6.8717866127669046e-15, 1.0, 0.0, 6.8717866127669046e-15, 1.0, 0.0, 6.8717866127669046e-15, 1.0, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, -1.0, 1.79434333701042e-15, 0.0, 3.4358933063834523e-15, 1.0, 0.0, 3.4358933063834523e-15, 1.0, 0.0, 3.4358933063834523e-15, 1.0, 0.0, 3.4358933063834523e-15, 1.0, 0.0)
>>>
>>> s.set(s.WELD_VERTICES, True)
>>> shp = ifcopenshell.geom.create_shape(s, c)
>>> shp.geometry.verts
(4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.657, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.657, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.657, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.657, 4.675000000000003, -8.07499999999999, 2.6, 4.674999999999999, -10.24600000000002, 2.6, 6.226000000000004, -8.074999999999996, 2.6, 6.226, -10.24600000000003, 2.6)
>>> shp.geometry.normals
()